Zero- Waste and the Climate summit 2015
09 Dec 2015 - By Mr. Berqstrom
In the spirit of the on- going climate summit I would like to inform about this little initiative I have taken here on the platform One of the challanges in the building industry (as described previously) is the high carbon footprint created with steel and concrete. This is an urgent matter and solutions With New materials must be available for practical implementation on the building site soon. But there is one other challange I would like to raise awarenes about and it is wasteproduction created by the building industry. Inspired by the Zero- Waste movment for the consumers - I would like to adress this matter to everyone in the field of Architecture, Engineering and Construction to find solutions so there in the future will be no Waste going to the dumpsters from productions of buildings.

Hereby follows a 3 step plan for the industry to achieve minimum Waste in Construction: 

- Step 1. Decreasing the creation of waste with better planning of material usage on site.
- Step 2. No waste creation without a reusable strategy for the whole production chain.
- Step 3. Reinvent the way goods are transported to minimize Waste.
Cardboard homes in Kyoto 
04 Dec 2015 - By Mr. Berqstrom
These cardboard homes from Kyoto in Japan shows how people, no matter where they live, see housing as a struggle. These homes are carefully made and located under the bridge, close to the city river. It has drying possibilities for clothing and other features that makes life more comfortable.
The cardboard structure could be supported with a wooden frame, but I don not have any more detailed knowledge about how it is made. A polyester tarpaulin is put around the whole home, protecting it from moisture and giving a more comfortable indoor space for the squatter. I do not belive the home is insulated, but the tarpaulin would give good windprotection, keeping the worst cold form the river on a short distance.
When taking these photos, I did not notice any cooking facilities. Dry food could be made indoors, but any sort of heating for cooking, would be dangerous for the structure. This is close to Kyoto City center, so it could be possible for squatter to gather food in dumpsters found outside resturants and bars. 
Sanitary facilities are at a shortage in these solutions. Luckily the river is just next by, so at in an emergency situation at night- time or early in the morning it could be possible to "brake the law" by doing private business on the river- shore.ublic  However is Japan well set with toilets. They are free of charge and very clean. This makes Japan a perfect place for squatters.
On the second photo, you can see how the home is a combined shelter and shop. Located on the path going going under the bridge, potential customers are constantly at Reach. This approach seems quite stable for making an lstreet- iving, but since it is squatting in Public area, the users always have to be on alert. By keeping the area around the home clean (as seen here) I would belive it is easier to get "unofficial" acceptance to "stay" - from people, politicians and the police. 
Cardboard Home
Cardboard Home, Tokyo 2007; Source:, by Mr. Berqstrom
Audun Bergstrom, Cardboard Homes first published in article at 01 Dec 2015
Cardboard Home
 Cardboard Home n' shop, Tokyo 2007; Source:, by Mr. Berqstrom
Audun Bergstrom, Cardboard Homes first published in article at 01 Dec 2015