NEWSBLOG

Kiva.org documenting the needed in developing countries?
22 Jul 2017 - By Mr. Berqstrom


As written before, have I now used
Kiva.org for microfinancing loans to people (mainly in the construction industry) in different parts of the world. What strikes me everytime I check out the Kiva.org portfolio of potential loans, is how the growing number of american citizens use the Kiva.org platform to finance their life and business. I'm asking myself the following question every time; does this mean that there are a growing number of people in the USA that can not access a loan in the local banks, and therefore have to use a solution made for developing countries. The picture of the poor african lady, asking for a loan to buy a goat, next to the american asking for a loan to buy advanced machinery for their business is for me a pretty messed up picture. When did United states of America and the poorest regions of Africa become similar when it comes to access of capital?


Article under development



Future living - Scenario

02 Jul 2017 - By Mr. Berqstrom,
Revised 10 Jul 2017

As cybernetics and artificial intelligence develops rapidly, how will the near future possible look like for people already today struggling to get proper shelter? According to the UNhabitat is it expected that by the year 2030, 40% of the world’s population will be in need for proper housing and access to basic infrastructure.

With a continued population growth on a global scale will the housing demand increase accordingly, but additional to this, must the aspect of robotization be considered as an amplifier to these disturbing numbers. It is said that re- education and innovation will replace some of the jobs taken over by automated processes. But will it be enough? And then what with countries where capital is expensive, and human labor is pushed even further to compete with ever more efficient robots?

The questions are many and the answers few, but I will here try to lay out a potential scenario where the UNhabitat challange is seen under the light of higher productivity with less human labor on the global scale. What solutions are in discussion today and are there other ways to foresee and welcome this future. The following will mostly be a summary of different post from this newsblog, showing my ideas as a complete scenario for the future, with solutions taking care of all.

To new readers I will first advice you to see the video by Hans Rosling as showed in one of my first posts (2015-09). In this video Rosling shows how the demographic growth will decline as the standard of living increases. This is an important aspect of the future, as similar living conditions will stabilize the movement of refugees and create more peaceful regions.

Mobile user? View the video on youtube.com here! 
Hans Rosling Ted Talk; Source: Ted.com
Ted Talk with Hans Rosling, video published on Gapminder.org 26 Aug 2010.
 
If the proposed theories in the beginning of this post is corrects, can the automation of labor create a similar challenge to an overpopulated planet. In the post 2017-02 I wrote about "Freeing the people from the slavery of production - through robotics" , trying to show how automation is a double edged sword, also potential to be a solution to increase the living standard globally by focusing on the human aspects of life - what does it mean to be human, when production is no longer on the agenda? And to follow up this question, will the human race be generous enough to share the goods and services the machines provides?

There are no right answer to these questions, but if the goal is to develop a global civilization, capable of settling on other planets and expand into the universe, then the answer is without doubt - to unify. History of man does unfortunately not support this direction, showing conflict as a natural outcome for a regional civilizations to self-protect itself for the continuity of technological and financial development. However, it is probable that neither of the above two scenarios will play out without a greater nuance of the other, unless a common greater enemy is found (or created) outside our own planet. This could be anything from a meteor, to the existence of otherworldly intelligence, threatening life on planet earth. By uniting forces in the belief of "standing up against a common external threat" would it be possible to not only uniting the world, but also have an real reason for the increased production, created by the robotic workforce. In this scenario robots would not take jobs from humans, but instead be the extra pair of hands desperately needed for the planets survival.

What is known, regardless the above, is that everyday the global production capacity increases due to automation, creating cheaper goods for more people to enjoy. Seen in the light of the Rosling video is this a great factor to fight poverty, as long as other jobs are available in the development countries. A higher level of living will be provided by these goods (as it does today), but only if the infrastructure (here: electricity, clean water, severs, net- connection and street for flow) are in place. Combined can these factors lift cities or even whole countries towards a higher level on the Maslow pyramid.

That is why EggCube.org has been developing cost efficient solutions for an minimal infrastructure upgrade, providing more than enough capacity for slums and other heavily pressed areas for the worlds megacities. As showed in the illustration "City Service/ resource station" is a single large main infrastructure corridor implemented in the ground, providing its surroundings. When implementing a solution like this (first step development) in a slum area, it is important to overdimension the capasity, so that the area is ready for further city development, when the time and investors are in place. In other words, the underground upgrade with a paved street would be the main infrastructure corridor for the future city expansion and in the same time provide the slum recidents as long as they are there.

I see this as a win-win solution, preparing the city for growth, meanwhile giving existing squatters and inhabitants an improved standard of living. It would also make the slum area more attractive for investors and developers to invest. In many ways can this principles be seen as a lighter version of Haussmann's renovation of Paris, where wide and accessible streets made it easier for the policehorses to ride down the city, taking down riots at an early stage, before they managed to develop and move into the city center. The same would be the case here, but it could also the benefit the slum residents by giving access for ambulances and firetrucks. They would be able to reach further into the slums, faster - saving lives and preventing a fire to develop and burn the whole slum down.


Over time, it will be natural to develop the slum further (second step development) by continue developing the newly upgraded street with proper housing, shops and other facilities needed for the residents in the slum district. A modular solution created by EggCube.org shows hos these structure could be built fast and easy. The BeeCube building system consists of three main elements. The first two elements making up a heksagon structure by a simple steel truss and steel column/ beam. The last and crucial elements is the module. Put together the BeeCube building system becomes a flexible and (potentially) a massive landscraper structure.



For the existing shacks and slum houses, where residents in a development perspective claims the ground rights (ownership of ground) for their structure, EggCube.org provides upgrade solutions for their shack. The project Houses for the masses shows the process on implementing hemp in the building structure and develop houses with acceptable standards. This is a community projects and will be most efficient in situations where large groups of squatters declare their rights for ownership of their land. More about this project can be found at the Houses for the masses site.



For megacities with a demographic increase beyond planned capacity,
temporary slums might be an opportunity for the city to frame the expansion within reason. It will help preventing squatters to settle on land planned for other purpose and at the same time prepare the ground for future residential development.

Temporary slum districts can be planned and executed with the EggCube Safe Tent solution as presented on EggCube.org August 2015. This concept was developed as an answer to the massive refugee situation Europe is facing. If deployed and implemented in areas in the far outskirts of cities, it can be used for solving the refugee crisis, or the rapid increasing rural movement towards megacities seen worldwide.




Resource Station
Resource Station  - City service/ slum upgrade; Source: EggCube.org, by Mr. Berqstrom
Audun Bergstrom, Resource Station, illustration first published in article at EggCube.org 13 Sep 2015.

BeeCube Building System
BeeCube Building System; Source: EggCube.org, by Mr. Berqstrom
Audun Bergstrom, BeeCube, illustration first published in article at EggCube.org 07 Feb 2016.

SafeTent™
SafeTent - secure tent for refugee camps and temporary slums; Source: EggCube.org, by Mr. Berqstrom
Audun Bergstrom, Secure Tent solution, illustration first published in article at EggCube.org 23 Aug 2015.